The Advent of the Volunteer Battalions and Linkages with Regular Regiments
- In the Cardwell reforms of 1873, regular infantry Regiments were paired together for alternate tours of home and foreign service. These new groupings were at first termed Brigades and given numbers; but in 1881 they were given new titles. Each pair was given a depot, and took the local militia under their wing. The two regular Battalions became 1st and 2nd Battalions, and the militia became 3rd , and in some cases 4th Battalions.
- At the same time, the Rifle Volunteer Corps became part of the new Regiments as Volunteer Battalions. Unlike the regular Battalions and the militia, however, the volunteer Battalions did not, at first, adopt the new Regimental titles.
- In 1881 the ancestors of The London Regiment stood as follows:
1908 London Regiment Battalion The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment):226th Surrey Rifle Volunteer Corps248th Surrey Rifle Volunteer CorpsThe Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment):110th Middlesex Rifle Volunteer Corps223rd Middlesex Rifle Volunteer CorpsThe East Surrey Regiment:211st Surrey (South London) Rifle Volunteer Corps237th Surrey Rifle Volunteer CorpsThe Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment):203rd Kent (West Kent) Rifle Volunteer Corps204th Kent (Royal Arsenal) Rifle Volunteer CorpsThe Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment):311th Middlesex Rifle Volunteer Corps1917th Middlesex (North Middlesex) Rifle Volunteer CorpsThe King's Royal Rifle Corps:51st City of London Volunteer Rifle Brigade62nd London Rifle Volunteer Corps73rd London Rifle Volunteer Corps91st Middlesex (Victoria) Rifle Volunteer Corps132nd Middlesex (South Middlesex) Rifle Volunteer Corps134th Middlesex (West London) Rifle Volunteer Corps96th Middlesex (St George's) Rifle Volunteer Corps1512th Middlesex (Civil Service) Rifle Volunteer Corps1613th Middlesex (Queen's) Rifle Volunteer Corps (Westminster)1121st Middlesex Rifle Volunteer Corps (The Finsbury Rifle Volunteer Corps)1222nd Middlesex Rifle Volunteer Corps (Central London Rangers)1525th Middlesex (Bank of England) Rifle Volunteer CorpsThe Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own):41st Tower Hamlets Rifle Volunteer Corps172nd Tower Hamlets Rifle Volunteer Corps147th Middlesex (London Scottish) Rifle Volunteer Corps1715th Middlesex (The Customs and The Docks) Rifle Volunteer Corps1816th Middlesex (London Irish) Rifle Volunteer Corps1018th Middlesex Rifle Volunteer Corps919th Middlesex (St Giles's and St George's Bloomsbury) Rifle Volunteer Corps2820th Middlesex (Artists) Rifle Volunteer Corps824th Middlesex Rifle Volunteer Corps
- In 1883, six Rifle Volunteer Corps ( 6th and 8th Surrey, 10th and 23rd Middlesex, and 3rd and 4th Kent) adopted the titles of Volunteer Battalions of their parent regular Regiment; 7th Surrey followed in 1887. 11th Middlesex were transferred from The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment) in 1890, and 1st Tower Hamlets from The Rifle Brigade in 1904, to become Volunteer Battalions of The Royal Fusiliers. Meanwhile, in 1888, an additional antecedent unit had been raised – 26th Middlesex (Cyclists).
- In 1904 the ancestors of The London Regiment stood as follows:
1908 London Regiment Battalion(The number in square brackets after the title indicates the Regiment Volunteer Battalion number allotted in the 1880s by the parent regular Regiment but not used in the title)The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment):223rd Volunteer Battalion244th Volunteer BattalionThe Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment):11st Volunteer Battalion22nd Volunteer Battalion33rd Volunteer Battalion44th Volunteer BattalionThe East Surrey Regiment:234th Volunteer Battalion211st Surrey (South London) Volunteer Rifle Corps [1VB]The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment):202nd Volunteer Battalion203rd Volunteer BattalionThe Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment):1917th Middlesex (North Middlesex) Volunteer Rifle Corps [4VB]The King's Royal Rifle Corps:51st London Volunteer Rifle Corps (City of London Volunteer Rifle Brigade) [9VB]62nd London Volunteer Rifle Corps [10VB]73rd London Volunteer Rifle Corps [11VB]91st Middlesex Volunteer Rifle Corps (The Victoria and St George's Rifles) [1VB]132nd Middlesex (South Middlesex) Volunteer Rifle Corps [2VB]134th Middlesex (West London) Volunteer Rifle Corps [3VB]15The Prince of Wales's Own 12th Middlesex (Civil Service) Volunteer Rifle Corps [5VB]1613th Middlesex (Queen's) Volunteer Rifle Corps (Westminster) [6VB]1121st Middlesex (Finsbury) Volunteer Rifle Corps [7VB]1222nd Middlesex Volunteer Rifle Corps (Central London Rangers) [8VB]The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own):172nd Tower Hamlets Volunteer Rifle Corps [9VB]147th Middlesex (London Scottish) Volunteer Rifle Corps [1VB]1715th Middlesex (The Customs and The Docks) Volunteer Rifle Corps [2VB]1816th Middlesex (London Irish) Volunteer Rifle Corps [3VB]1018th Middlesex Volunteer Rifle Corps [4VB]919th Middlesex (St Giles's and St George's Bloomsbury) Volunteer Rifle Corps [5VB]2820th Middlesex (Artists) Volunteer Rifle Corps [6VB]824th Middlesex Volunteer Rifle Corps [7VB]Unattached:2526th Middlesex (Cyclist) Volunteer Rifle Corps